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A dairy farm is any place or premises where one or more cows or goats are kept, and from which a part of all of the milk or milk product(s) is provided, sold, or offered for sale to a milk plant, transfer station, or receiving station

Related Journals to Dairy Farm

Research & Reviews: Journal of Food and Dairy Technology, Advances in Dairy Research, Global Journal of Dairy Farming and Milk Production, African Journal of Dairy Farming and Milk Production , Journal of Animal and Poultry Sciences, International Journal of Farming and Allied Sciences, Journal of Advanced Veterinary and Animal Research, Research & Reviews: Journal of Food and Dairy Technology

Many companies face the same challenge as they switch to the cloud – understanding Office 365 licensing options.

There are many services and service bundles to choose from depending on your business size, needs and goals.

Selecting the right option is crucial to maximise your investment's value. However, this task can be challenging, especially since it's not something you typically do frequently, on a weekly or monthly basis.

This article will give you a broad overview of this topic, focusing on the most frequently chosen options. Please Note that all information can change and is subject to Microsoft updates and agreements.

Read on to learn about Office 365 licensing options for enterprise, the services available in each of them and some tips for choosing the right license for your business.

Microsoft 365 or Office 365?

The most important thing to understand is that Office applications have become an integral component of the Microsoft 365 platform.

M365 extends the capabilities of Microsoft’s suite of modern workplace products by adding certain security services and features (e.g. Microsoft Defender). It also incorporates the capabilities of Power Platform to allow users to automate repeatable tasks or create custom low-code applications.

While Microsoft 365 is a bundle of services including Office 365, plus several other services including Windows 10 Enterprise and Enterprise Mobility & Security, Office 365 is a cloud-based suite of productivity apps such as Outlook, Word, PowerPoint, and more.

Simply put, Microsoft 365 is more than Office 365, but all the services we all know well are still there. Whether you buy one or the other depends on your needs, so let’s look at the available options.

A quick overview of Office 365 licenses

All Office 365 licenses are subscriptions. It works exactly as in the case of cell phone licenses. You can use them as long as you want to on a pay as you go basis.

To make a long story short, you can buy the suite through several licensing programs such as:

  • Enterprise Agreement
  • Web Direct (Microsoft Online Subscription Program or MOSP)
  • MPSA
  • Open
  • Cloud Solution Provider

Remember that choosing the right agreement is not only about the proper licensing of payment terms. It is also about additional financing for your cloud deployment. There are resources like the Digital Partner of Record or Office 365 adoption funds. We won’t cover them here, but feel free to get in touch if you’d like to know more.

Types of enterprise licenses

There are three main types of modern workplace licenses:

  • Business plans – limited to 300 users
  • Enterprise plans – without feature or user number limitations
  • Frontline worker plans – essentials for mobile or remote employees.

There are also special options for government and nonprofit use.

Business Enterprise Frontline

Up to 300 users, business suite only 300+ users, all features available No user limit, specific service range

For smaller companies For large organisations For mobile/remote employees

$6-$22 per user/month
(annual contract) $10-$38 per user/month
(annual contract) $2.25-$8 per user/month
(annual contract)

Services available within Office 365 suites

In each suite, there are numerous services and features. Let’s go through the key ones briefly.

  • Office apps for PC, Mac, mobile– basic office productivity services, such as Word, Excel, PowerPoint, etc.
  • Office Online– a web version of Office that allows viewing and editing Office files.
  • Exchange Online– an e-mail service that provides inbox, calendar, address book, tasks and security features.
  • Teams– a communicator with instant messaging, online meetings, as well as file-sharing and collaboration.
  • OneDrive– allows you to access, share and sync your personal files in the browser and on any device.
  • SharePoint– allows for building intranets, searching content, and analysing data.
  • Yammer(now Viva Engage) – your enterprise social network – a great tool for internal communication and offloading your inbox.
  • Stream– your internal YouTube with high-performance video streaming and mobile access.
  • Planner– if you are looking for a modern task management tool similar to Asana then this is the service.
  • Groups– in my opinion, the best enterprise collaboration workspace on the market. It integrates Exchange Online, SharePoint, Skype and Planner. Your team can use conversations, files, notes, calendar, and tasks – all in one place.
  • Delve– allows you to search for files and people easily, and is powered by Artificial Intelligence and Office Graph.
  • Basic data analytics– gives you the ability to use a free, limited version of Power BI and provides information about your Office 365 usage.
  • Advanced data analytics– gives you more capabilities with Power BI Pro, Excel services, and Personal Productivity Analytics.

Additional features

Most plans have basic security features such as multi-factor authentication capabilities.

With Exchange Online you also get a state-of-the-art spam and malware filter. Simple e-discovery, data loss prevention (DLP) and document encryption are also included.

Advanced threat protection gives you more configuration options for data loss prevention, conditional access and advanced malware scanner.

Finally, customer Lockbox included in E5 suites allows you to grant access to your data for the support team.

Office 365 Business plans

Now that we’re clear on the features, let’s see what Office 365 Business suites hide inside.

We have four plans here:

  • Basic, which contains web and online versions of Word, Excel, and PowerPoint, and 50GB of email hosting.
  • Standard that offers all collaboration and communication services, as well as desktop productivity apps.
  • Premium, which offers all the features of the previous two plans and advanced security capabilities.
  • Apps for Business, an essential business service package that includes desktop app versions and 1 TB of cloud storage per user.

Note that all of these options are limited to 300 users.

Feature Business Basic Business Standard Business Premium Apps for Business

Suitability For basic use and file sharing For basic collaboration For advanced collaboration For on-premises use

Office client

+ + +

Office online Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Outlook only All services

All services

Cloud storage for personal files + + + +

Teams + +


Intranet + +


Email + + + +

Advanced threat protection



PC and mobile device management



Office 365 Enterprise

Now, let’s take a look at the Enterprise plans. There are four main options here:

  • E1– it gives you Office Online and a significant number of communication and collaboration services. Apart from what you got in Business Essentials, you also have Stream and work management apps like Planner or To Do.
  • E3 – it extends E1 with data analytics, additional security features and Office client.
  • E5– best all-in-one productivity suite, which adds complete protection, Power BI Pro, Advanced DLP and user activity monitoring.
  • Apps for enterprise – includes key business services and cloud file storage but no email.

Feature Office 365 E1 Office 365 E3 Office 365 E5 Apps for enterprise

Suitability Basic collaboration Advanced collaboration Collaboration, analytics and security Essential document collaboration

Office client

+ + +

Office online + +


Personal storage + + + +

Communication + +


Intranet + +


Email + +


Social network + +


Data analytics



Threat & information protection



Advanced compliance



Office 365 Frontline

For employees primarily using mobile devices, e.g. people working directly with customers or out in the field, there are Frontline plans available. Here, we have two options – one for basic collaboration and another with stronger security and Power Platform capabilities to automate workflows.

  Microsoft 365 F1 Microsoft 365 F3

Suitability Basic collaboration Advanced collaboration

Email Exchange Online only Exchange Online + Outlook

Office Mobile/Online Read-only +

Teams + +

Intranet + +

Social network + +

Power Apps


Intelligent security




There are some questions which are frequently asked by customers. Perhaps the answers to these will help you too.


What is the difference between Microsoft 365 Business and Microsoft 365 Apps?

The Apps suite is a limited option that doesn’t include Exchange Online email or Teams. It is fine if you only need an Office 365 client to work with your files. Depending on your plan, Business suites also have more advanced analytics and security features.


Is the Office client the only difference between E1 and E3?

No – far from it. There are many more security options in E3 such as email and document encryption and DLP (Data Loss Prevention). You also have better control of your inboxes, mail flow, and data analytics. E3 gives you access to on-premises enterprise licenses whereas E1 offers only a standard license.


Which plan is the best for me?

Always start with the users. Are there less than 300? Then Business suites are likely to be ethe most suitable. More than that? Go for Enterprise.

As to which particular plan to choose – it always depends on your business needs. Talk to your people, find out what they use daily, and let that inform your choice.


How best to choose?

Start with a business need or a problem. Then, try to solve it with the cloud. If you do it the other way around – start with cloud features and try to find a need for them – you will fail. It won’t be a spectacular fail, though – you probably just won’t make the most of your budget for the project.


What do others choose most frequently?

The usual mix of plans we recommend is E1 + E3 or E1 + E5. That’s right – you can mix and match if you need to.

Options for buying Office 365 plans

This is just a snapshot of the options available when it comes to buying Office 365. As we’ve seen are three main Office 365 suites (in addition to Microsoft 365 options): Business, Enterprise and Frontline.

Within the Business Suite, 3 plans are available: Basic, Standard and Premium. The Standard plan doesn’t include an Office client but has email and Yammer. Premium also covers advanced analytics and security.

The Enterprise suite has 3 main plans: E1, E3, and E5. E1 doesn’t include Office client or information protection. E3 has most of the necessary features. If you’d like to have additional functionalities, such as Teams phone system or audio conferencing, consider the E5 license.

In essence, the more expensive the plan, the more options you have for collaboration, data analytics and security. But this isn’t necessarily always the case t. It can be difficult to figure out exactly what you need, which is why you can always reach out to us for help.

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This is my final pass and final bis list for this coming tier, so if this is something your interested in seeing more of, even if not just for elemental slot online shaman let me know in the comment section! List of best in slot (bis) gear from karazhan, gruul's lair and magtheridon's lair for elemental shaman dps in burning crusade classic, including optimal armor, trinkets, weapon, and gems.

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So remember to visit this page after a new raid opens for an update on what current best elemental shaman items in each slot are.

Elemental shaman best in slot weapon. Tbc phase 1 elemental shaman best in slot (bis) elemental shaman tier 4, the cyclone regalia has gloves, chest, head, legs, and shoulders. Welcome to the shaman best in slot list for the elemental spec in bfa this list is based on the most reliable sources for this class and spec. Elemental shaman 9.1 bis list (top picks) last updated:

While epics from aq40 play a large role in this list, we also recommend gear from pvp, professions, dungeons, and quests. Our goal is to do the bandar situs judi slot online resmi dan terbaik gacor hari ini most complete research so you don't have to. Welcome to our elemental shaman bis list, or as we also call it, top picks.

This will be the best in slot list for all of the phase 2 / tier 5 content! The best elemental shaman items: In this guide, you will learn about playing an elemental shaman in a raid.

Best in slot (bis) gear list. Every week, wow insider brings you totem talk for elemental, enhancement, and restoration shaman. Tbc elemental shaman aldor or scryer.

As your crafted shadowlands legendary will be the most important piece of gear in the expansion, providing large performance benefits, it is crucial to pick the right legendary to craft and effectively spend your soul ash and soul cinders. If you were looking for tbc classic content, please refer to our tbc classic elemental shaman gear and best in slot. Choosing an elemental shaman weapon in dragon soul.

Shadowlands legendary powers grant impactful gameplay effects for your elemental shaman through the new runecarving system. Wrath of air totem grants an additional 20 spell damage. Optional items are listed for every slot.

Here is the current best in slot or bis list as of patch 3.2.2. Elemental shaman best in slot gear patch 3.2.2. Welcome to the elemental shaman dps guide for world of warcraft wrath of the lich king 3.3.5a.

We also explain how you will be competing for loot with other classes. This is a very strong bonus, especially when playing in a caster group! This is a page where you can find the statistical distribution of gear, talents, and other choices among top 1% of the best performing raiders of this class and specialization in world of warcraft.

If you think our best in slot list is not correct, you can send us your list and we will check if it is better than ours. We recommend going scryers as an elemental shaman in tbc classic. Welcome to wowhead's best in slot gear list from molten core and onyxia's lair for elemental shaman in wow classic.

Wednesday, october 28, 2009 | posted in best in slot, patch 3.2.2 | 8 comments. Best shards of domination for elemental shaman shards of domination is a new system for sanctum of domination gear that provides customizable bonuses by slotting shards of domination into specific gear pieces from sanctum of killing more bosses in the sanctum of domination raid, these shards of domination can be upgraded to become more powerful. Josh myers once only tackled the.

Talent tree 4 talents marked with… It first presents the best in slot items before listing, slot by slot, all the items, with a level higher than 346, that you can acquire in the game. The best pve elemental shaman build for wow classic.

Thanks for the suggestions, guys. On this page, you will find the best gear and best in slot items for your elemental shaman in world of slot online warcraft shadowlands 9.1. This guide will list the recommended gear for elemental shaman to acquire while they progress on the first few raids in classic wow, and contains gear sourced from dungeons, early pvp grinding, professions, boe world drops, reputations and the instances themselves.

Contains gear sourced from raid, dungeons, early pvp grinding, professions, boe world drops, and reputations. Only a single meta socket may exist in any given piece, and many pieces come without a meta socket at all. This list includes some of the more difficult items to get in the game at this time so i will list some alternatives at the end of this post until you can.

The other articles of our elemental shaman guide can be accessed from the table of contents on the left. Remember to check back often since opinions often change on the best gear.

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Animal welfare is a multifaceted issue that can be approached from different viewpoints, depending on human interests, ethical assumptions, and culture. To properly assess, safeguard and promote animal welfare, concepts are needed to serve as guidelines in any context the animal is kept in. Several different welfare concepts have been developed during the last half decade. The Five Freedoms concept has provided the basis for developing animal welfare assessment to date, and the Five Domains concept has guided those responsible for safeguarding animal welfare, while the Quality of Life concept focuses on how the individual perceives its own welfare state. This study proposes a modified and extended version of an earlier animal welfare concept - the Dynamic Animal Welfare Concept (DAWCon). Based on the adaptability of the animal, and taking the importance of positive emotional states and the dynamic nature of animal welfare into account, an individual animal is likely in a positive welfare state when it is mentally and physically capable and possesses the ability and opportunity to react adequately to sporadic or lasting appetitive and adverse internal and external stimuli, events, and conditions. Adequate reactions are elements of an animal’s normal behavior. They allow the animal to cope with and adapt to the demands of the (prevailing) environmental circumstances, enabling it to reach a state that it perceives as positive, i.e., that evokes positive emotions. This paper describes the role of internal as well as external factors in influencing welfare, each of which exerts their effects in a sporadic or lasting manner. Behavior is highlighted as a crucial read-out parameter. As most animals under human care are selected for certain traits that may affect their behavioral repertoire it is crucial to have thorough ethograms, i.e., a catalogue of specific behaviors of the species/strain/breed under study. DAWCon highlights aspects that need to be addressed when assessing welfare and may stimulate future research questions.



Animal welfare is a complex issue that can be approached from different viewpoints. People engaged with animal care and welfare, or with animal management in the broad sense, such as veterinarians and animal scientists, (industrial) farmers, consumers of animal-derived products, owners of companion animals, zoo keepers, and game keepers, may assume their own concepts of what animal welfare is and how to safeguard and improve animal welfare. (Nordquist et al., 2017). A broad range of concepts of ‘animal welfare’ have been proposed (Bousfield and Brown, 2010). The goal to safeguard and improve animal welfare calls for unifying concepts that are theoretically sound, objectifiable and quantifiable. Concepts approaching animal welfare from different perspectives may help to identify relevant aspects that might be overlooked if only one view were used, i.e. they may help to extend our manner of assessing and improving animal welfare (Fraser, 2008). We agree with Rushen (2003) that in defining ‘animal welfare’, scientists often address a limited range of aspects that inadequately address the multivariate and multidimensional nature of animal welfare.

To incorporate the dynamic and multifaceted nature of animal welfare, we propose the Dynamic Animal Welfare Concept (DAWCon). This study first summarizes a number of well-established current concepts of animal welfare, such as the Five Freedoms (FAWC - Farm Animal Welfare Council, 1979aFAWC - Farm Animal Welfare Council, 1979b), the Five Domains (Mellor, 2017), and the Quality of Life concept (Yeates and Main, 2009Yeates, 2016). We then expand on the DAWCon and elaborate on its different aspects, comparing DAWCon with well-established welfare concepts and outlining its potential merits.

Concepts of animal welfare

The five freedoms concept

The welfare of intensively farmed animals has been the subject of investigations since the work of a committee, headed by Brambell et al., 1965, more than half a century ago. This work was seminal for the concept of the Five Freedoms put forward by the Farm Animal Welfare Council (FAWC) (1979) of the United Kingdom, which has since then been used as a guide to assess animal welfare, in particular on commercial farms (Brambell et al., 1965), forming the basis for a number of welfare assessment tools (e.g., Blokhuis et al., 2007Veissier et al., 2008Blokhuis et al., 2010).

Four of the five freedoms primarily concentrate on aspects of husbandry that potentially compromise welfare (1: freedom from hunger or thirst; 2: freedom from discomfort; 3: freedom from pain, injury or disease; 5: freedom from fear and distress). These freedoms largely neglect factors that might promote animal welfare (McCulloch, 2013), i.e. the Five Freedoms concept has received criticism (McCulloch, 2013Cornish et al., 2016Lawrence et al., 2018). The fourth freedom, namely “freedom to express normal behavior - by providing sufficient space, proper facilities and company of the animal’s own kind.” (FAWC - Farm Animal Welfare Council 1979a1979bFAWC - Farm Animal Welfare Committee, 2013) is the only one that focuses on positive factors, taking account of animal’s perspective and the animal’s wants.

Removal of negative factors (e.g., hunger, thirst, pain, fear, and distress), as explicitly stated in the first, second, third and fifth freedoms, are believed to improve welfare. This assumption is challenged by the biological function of these negative states: they may help an animal to cope with its environment and to survive (Ohl and van der Staay, 2012). For example, the experience of pain evokes, in interaction with cognitive processes, certain behavioral reactions such as avoidance of pain inducing stimuli or protection of affected body parts and has as such a protective character (e.g., Rutherford, 2002). Similarly, the stress response aids the animal in regaining a state of normal biological functioning (Moberg, 2000). Thus, negative (emotional) reactions should be considered as an indicator of an animal’s adaptive capacity to avoid ‘negative welfare’ (Ohl and van der Staay, 2012). Even though negative experiences can temporarily be neutralized by applying (one of) the 5 freedoms, this hardly can be considered an improvement of welfare, as negative experiences form the basis for the animal’s motivation to obtain resources or to avoid e.g. pain-inducing stimuli. Animals should be given the opportunities to perform behavior they experience as rewarding (e.g. searching for food) (e.g., Mellor, 2016a). Moreover, the absence of factors considered as negative does not guarantee per se that the animal experiences good welfare.

The five domains concept

The Five Domains concept was originally formulated in 1994 to assess the impact of procedures on the welfare of experimental animals (Mellor and Reid, 1994). It reformulated the Five Freedoms into Five Domains, namely 1, thirst/hunger/malnutrition, 2, environmental challenge, 3, disease/injury/functional impairment, 4, behavioral/interactive restriction, and 5, anxiety/fear/pain/distress, to guide those responsible for safeguarding animal welfare, i.e., owners, animal care takers, wildlife managers, etc. The Five Domains concept can be applied to animals inside and outside the experimental context, is continuously being updated (Mellor, 2016aMellor, 2016b), emphasizes the importance of positive affective experiences (Mellor, 2015), and takes human-animal interactions into account (Mellor et al., 2020).

The notion of the importance of positive experiences, rather than the mere absence of negative experiences, has been a major driver in animal welfare research. Consequently, the individual animal’s perception of its welfare state has become an important research focus in recent years.

The quality of life concept

The Quality of Life concept is inspired by human psychology (Green and Mellor, 2011) and medicine (in particular in relation to mental health, Berlim and Fleck, 2003), focuses on how the individual perceives its own welfare state. In animals, Quality of Life takes the balance between negative and positive experiences into account. The preponderance of positive experiences increases Quality of Life, at the same time individual variation in the impact of certain experiences needs to be taken into consideration (McMillan, 2005). Yeates (2016) added the important notion that Quality of Life needs to be considered over time, as a sum of experiences made by the individual. Consequently, he suggests considering Quality of Life and Animal Welfare over time as synonyms.

A dynamic concept of animal welfare: welfare as a function of adaptation

The Faculty of Veterinary Medicine at Utrecht University in the Netherlands applies a concept of animal welfare (Ohl and Hellebrekers, 2009) developed by Ohl & van der Staay (2012). Building on previous animal welfare concepts, this concept states “An individual is in a positive welfare state when it is able to actively adapt to its living conditions and to reach a state that it perceives as positive.” (Ohl and Hellebrekers, 2009, p. 754; translated from Dutch). Integrating the dynamic aspect of adaptation and the concepts of the Five Freedoms, Five Domains, and Quality of Life, we previously proposed a conceptual approach to animal welfare stating that an individual is in a positive welfare state when it has “the freedom adequately to react to [conditions that potentially compromise welfare and] display normal behavioral patterns that allow the animal to adapt to the demands of the prevailing environmental circumstances and enable it to reach a state that it perceives as positive.” (Ohl and van der Staay, 2012, p. 17). Here we present and discuss a modified and extended version of this approach, the Dynamic Animal Welfare Concept (DAWCon):

An individual is likely in a positive welfare state when it is mentally and physically capable and possesses the ability and opportunity to react adequately to sporadic or lasting appetitive and adverse internal and external stimuli, events, and conditions. Adequate reactions are elements of an animal’s normal behavior. They allow the animal to cope with and adapt to the demands of the (prevailing) environmental circumstances, enabling it to reach a state that it perceives as positive, i.e., that evokes positive emotions.

The dynamics of the individual animal’s capacity to adequately cope and adapt to its environment is central to the concept of welfare. Whereas the adaptive capacity of an animal includes both positive and negative emotional responses, attention in the animal welfare discussion is mostly directed at ‘negative’ emotions. In DAWCon, the continuum between positive and negative welfare is considered; it recognizes that the animal must have (or must be provided) the freedom and capacity to react appropriately, i.e., adaptively, to both positive as well as potentially harmful (negative) stimuli. Within this framework, it is of utmost relevance to assessing whether an animal is able to fulfill the demands of the respective environmental circumstances, given the limits of the animals’ capacity to adapt (see Box 1Figure 1) (Ohl and van der Staay, 2012).

Box 1
Graphical representation of the net effects of internal and external factors and of the limit of adaptability on an individual’s welfare state.











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Investments are supposed to be financial decisions. When we take finance classes, we are taught models to evaluate investments and base our decisions on.

However, in real life, people take investment decisions emotionally. This is truer of real estate investments. Most people are emotionally attached to their homes or the idea of a home.

Hence they make decisions based on a lot of parameters which are not exactly financial or mathematical. In this article we will list down some of the behavioral motives behind real estate decision making.

Buying a Property as a Rite of Passage

A property is an emotional investment for most people. This is even more valid for young people. Individuals as well as couples in the late twenties and early thirties form one of the fastest growing segments of home buyers. These are people who are newly married or are about to be married.

The primary reason that they buy a house is because they believe that buying a house is a rite of passage on to adulthood. They have seen their parents and their grandparents buy a house the moment they were married and equate the act of buying a house with starting a family.

The act of buying a house therefore becomes a rite of passage to family life. Developers are fully aware of this tendency of the buyers and therefore design entire marketing campaigns to stimulate these emotions. However, successful real estate investors know that investing is after all a monetary affair! Mixing family emotions in the process only complicates it and leads to bad investment decisions.

Buying a Property Because Everybody Else Does

For many people, buying a property is a symbol of economic prosperity. When they move out of college and have a relatively stable job, one of the first things that they do is get themselves a mortgage and buy a property. This is because once again emotions are at play in this investment decisions. They equate the decision of buying a house with the public declaration that they have succeeded in life!

The house is thus a symbol of success. Developers once again have realized this tendency. Therefore they have built many suburban homes for middle class families with opulent amenities! The idea is to give the middle class buyer an aspirational feel of success and validate their emotional decision that they have indeed become successful.

Buying a Property Because Someone Earned Millions in the Past

The past couple of decades have witnessed a real estate boom in most parts of the world barring a few. Therefore stories of people who had nothing and suddenly became millionaires because of the vast tracts of land that they owned suddenly became very valuable is common. As more and more urbanization has taken place, people who owned large tracts of farm land have suddenly become very wealthy.

This has given rise to another class of wannabe investors who want to repeat the process. There is one major difference. They expect the real estate price appreciation to continue at the same rate that it has done in the past! Anyone familiar with real estate or economics in general will tell you that exponential growth at high rates cannot continue for a very long time. The general outlook towards the real estate sector world over is bearish. However, the emotion of greed in these investors makes them believe that the markets will continue to rise endlessly. Therefore, their decisions are not based on sound financial analysis. Rather they are based on emotions and the adrenaline rush that the idea of making a lot of money in a short time provides them.

Buying a Property Because of “Tax Advantages”

Another rationalization that a lot of middle class buyers use for buying homes is tax advantages. Governments all over the world offer tax breaks for buying a home. They allow the borrower to deduct a portion of the amount that they have paid as interest and capital towards their mortgage from the income thereby reducing the income and the tax owed!

This makes investing in real estate seem like a good idea. This is because it does provide some upside in the form of possible capital appreciation and cash flows. On top of that it allows investors to save money because of a reduced tax bill!

This is not the case in reality. The tax breaks offered by the government are minimal as compared to the interest that one ends up paying on a mortgage. Thus if we look at it financially, buying a home may not be a viable decision. However, emotionally the “perceived tax breaks” seem to make sense to a lot of investors!

Buying a Property Because Land is Scarce!

Lastly, developers monger on the fear of the common public that land is scarce and the population of the world is rapidly growing. Thus falling supply and rising demand ought to bring about an appreciation! This argument is flawed on several counts. Firstly, even with the massive population growth there is enough land in the world to house all the people and this can be done several times over! So we are nowhere even close to a supply crisis. On top of that, the demand for real estate will not grow at the rate that it has because the population of the world has stabilized in the past few years. Therefore, buying land because there won’t be any left to buy in the future is an incorrect argument.

Is your space feeling a bit stagnant? Build ups of negative energy or spiritual presences can cause the vibes in a room or home to spiral downhill promoting energy depletion, low motivation, and brewing frustrations. If this sounds like you, it may be time for your space to get a quick pick-me-up.smudging clears negative energy

Redecorating, adding plants, and circulating the air are usually what people turn to first when things feel stagnant at home (or office, car, school- anywhere you spend your time). But sometimes that’s just not enough. Regularly cleansing and protecting your space with Crystals and herbs is a power packed addition sure to encourage good vibes and renewed energy.

What is Smudging?

Smudging is the ancient practice of burning dried herbs or Palo Santo sticks and allowing the smoke to cleanse the air. In addition to the ritualistic purpose of this, there is a scientific side as well. There have been several studies, but one study in particular ‘represents a comprehensive analysis and scientific validation of our ancient knowledge about the effect of ethnopharmacological aspects of natural products' smoke for therapy and health care on airborne bacterial composition’. The results showed that burning sage ‘caused over 94% reduction of bacterial counts by 60 min and the ability of the smoke to purify or disinfect the air and to make the environment cleaner was maintained up to 24h in the closed room’.

**Note: The term 'smudging' and any variations thereof are considered 'cultural appropriation' by some people. Instead of 'smudge', there are a variety of alternatives that are less likely to offend. The general idea is to refer to the specific herbs used as well as the desired outcome. Instead of 'smudging your space', for example, I recommend 'cleansing your space by burning sage or palo santo'.

How to cleanse your space by burning herbs

To use these tools, simply light your dried herbs of choice (sage, palo Santo, etc), wait for a moment, then blow it out. Allow the smoke to waft through your space, guided by your hand or a feather. Practice fire safety by keeping these items away from flammable surfaces and never leaving them unattended. Using a bowl of sand, ceramic dish, or an abalone shell as resting places for your smudging tool is a common method of safety. Ensure that there is also plenty of ventilation (open a window or door). smudging crystal collection

Choosing Crystals

There are a wide variety of Crystals and Stones that pair well with herbs for cleansing and protecting. My top favorites are:

  • Amethyst- Clears negative energy and bad habits. Invites optimism and Spiritual awareness.
  • Himalayan Pink Salt- Emits positive ions that attach to negative ions in the air (from tiny particles of dirt, dust, debris, etc), causing them to be weighted and fall to the floor. They can then vacuumed up.
  • Selenite- Promotes harmony and peaceful energy
  • Citrine- Invites good fortune, luck, and abundance
  • Clear Quartz- Encourages mental clarity and general healing
  • Black Tourmaline/ Obsidian- Clears and blocks negative energy
Using Crystals

Place them in your space as manifestation tools/ reminders, decor, or as a Crystal grid- listen to your intuition and go with what feels right. Using them with herbs is the same. Program them to help with your cleansing ritual, protect your space, or motivate you to manifest your dream space.

Cleansing Tutorial:

Cleansing/protection Crystals you could choose might include Black Tourmaline, Apache Tear, Obsidian, or any other black stone as those tend to be great for absorbing negative energy and providing protection. Black Tourmaline is considered one of the most powerful stones for this purpose so I generally opt for it if it is available. You’ll want 4 Black Tourmaline for a large grid or two pairs of cleansing/protection stones (such as two Black Tourmaline and two Obsidian) for a small grid. Additionally, a larger stone (preferably a cluster/geode) is recommended to anchor the energies. Amethyst works great for an anchor as it is wonderful at clearing negative energy and promoting positive energy.  It is also recommended to include 4 Clear Quartz Crystals as they are natural amplifiers of energy and bringers of health and happiness.

Recap- Recommended Supplies:

  • 4 Black Tourmaline OR 2 pairs of black stones (example: two Obsidian and two Black Tourmaline)
  • 1 Anchor Crystal such as an Amethyst cluster/geode.
  • Optional 4 Clear Quartz Crystals
  • Dried sage bundle, herb bundle, incense, or Palo Santo
  • Something to light your herbs with and somewhere fire proof to keep it while it burns such as an abalone shell or ash tray. Also, have a plan in mind for how you’ll extinguish the item when finished (a bowl of sand works well).
Ready? Let’s get started!

*Reminder: BREATHE. Breathing with controlled intention is important to keep you calm and focused.

  • Begin by lighting and gently blowing out your dried herb bundle. Waft the smoke in each room (taking special care to ensure safety while using burning materials) and over any Crystals you wish to use in the ritual. Please exercise your good judgement while doing this and avoid things like hot boxing the entire room with smoke. Open a window or use minimal amounts of smoke for your ritual. Using more smoke isn’t necessarily better for your space and it’s certainly not so great for your lungs!
  • Program your Crystals so they work well together toward a common goal. There are many ways of doing this but an uncomplicated way is to take a moment to sit with your stones and speak an affirmation such as ‘these Crystals will work together to clear and block negative energy from this space and only allow positive energy to flow here’.
  • Next, place the anchor stone in the center of your grid space. Visualize it stabilizing the energies- attracting the positive and dispelling the negative.
  • Place the surrounding stones in their proper locations (either the four corners of the room/house or surrounding the anchor stone). Visualize them forcing out the negative energy. Imagine it evaporating or disintegrating, melting away and out of your life. Now imagine the black stones are creating an energetic forcefield in your space, blocking negative energy or presences.
  • If you are using clear quartz, place them alternating your black stones (ie black stone, clear quartz, black stone, clear quartz, etc) with the points facing AWAY from the center stone. This amplifies the cleansing energy and protection.
  • If your grid is large enough, sit in the center and hold the anchor (otherwise just sitting near your grid is fine too). Take deep breathes and focus your energy. Visualize your grid dispelling the negative energy and inviting positive energy. Do not visualize it in the way that you merely WANT it to be but instead visualize it as something that IS. Using affirmations is a great idea here as well: ‘Negative energies are not welcome here. I only allow positive energy in my space.’
Once you feel that your grid is complete and active, you may choose to either leave it up or take it down. If you leave it up, be sure to cleanse the stones every so often. Use your herbs to cleanse your space at least monthly until you feel more in control and at peace with the energy.smudging mini set

Sometimes there will be energies that are more difficult and ‘refuse’ to vacate a space very easily. If you find that your space still feels negative after the grid, take some time to think about the different energies that come into your space. Is there a friend who comes over to vent frustrations frequently? Or maybe a partner with an anger issue? Whatever the case may be, you’ll want to cleanse the air after each time they visit. This can be exhausting but it’s worth it to not let the negative energy build up again to where it is suffocating you- this is your space and it should be respected by all those that enter.

If you have an abundance of negative energy that you feel needs reinforcements on top of the current grid, consider reenergizing your space by reorganizing, decluttering, mixing up the décor, or adding some energizing plants or crystals such as citrine, aventurine, orange calcite, and more.

Please note that if you feel that there is a significantly sinister force residing in your space that refuses to vacate, consider contacting a professional in that field who can better assist you.

The fashion industry has been the most celebrated domain around the globe. People find it enticing to be an ethereal part of it. Who would not, the gravity of the space is as such, sumptuous and resplendent. It is quite a seductive career option for the young designers who are allured by glittery fashion shows. Before jumping onto the perks of being a fashion designer, let's debunk the misconceptions related to it.

A fashion designer is a master of sewing

The fashion industry is more than just sewing clothes all day. A thorough evaluation of customer trends and preferences, a clear-cut understanding of resource allocation, technology verticals, building an immersive marketing mix model to build brand image, etc., are the various domains of the fashion industry. Even though they are not directly involved in designing aspects, they work in parallels.

All designers know the art and science of sketching

This statement may have been true a decade ago. With the emergence of technology and artificial intelligence, the norm of traditional sketching has become a misconception. In the present market, you can effectively sketch a design using a variety of computer software, and you need not be perfect in doing so while the software does the rest of the work. The only mandatory requirement is the zeal to research and understand the market in a way no one else does.

Fashion designers are the party people

If we are party people, when do we work. We are humans like anyone else. We have our priorities, and according to that, we work. If the situation demands to attend the inauguration of an art gallery, we will dress up as sober as we can be. It all depends on our work calendar. We too have a family and have other responsibilities. Fashion designing is a part of our life, not our entire life.

The fashion industry is all about glamour

The fashion industry is full of glamour only when it is designed by the fashion people. The designers have to go through a lot of hardships to portray the industry as fashionable as it looks. They have to travel with piles of bags to collect samples for making a bride, The Sabyasachi Bride. They have to work on the dresses until they have those puffy dark circles under the eyes for the ramp show tomorrow night. All that glitters is not gold perfectly aligns with this scenario.

You need to have phenomenal creativity to enter the fashion designing world

It absolutely does not make sense. There are so many designers who do not even know the basic difference between fashion and style. To survive and make a name in this cut-edged competitive world, most designers copy designs making minor modifications to them, and have their trademark on them. The fundamental requirement is that you need to have the skills to survive.

No fashion designer wears flats/flip-flops

This can only be said by someone who has suffered the pain of heels. It is literally unbearable to spend an entire day in heels, even Kristen Stewart took off her heels on Cannes red carpet. We are designers, not models. Fashion designers have a hectic schedule. They have to run to the store to check the feedback, attend scheduled meetings with paparazzi or models, double-check the inventory for resources, and they are not possible in heels. A comfy life with a creative attitude is what makes a fashion designer.

Every single person in the industry is a fashion icon

Not true at all. The fashion industry, not necessarily, is comprised of designers. There are photographers, bloggers, stagers, craftsmen, and many more. Each person has the freedom to decide and choose for himself. We have people with zero panache to people with elegance as supermodels. The industry is relatively chic but certain fragments choose to complement it by being backstage.

Get fashion critics and want to give everyone a makeover, always

It's a myth. The fashion industry has an inclusive culture that respects everyone. Though the designers strive to curate the best designs, they do not criticize or look down on anyone's looks. The job of fashion designers is to coat the outer looks of the people without changing their fashion sense. It's an innate quality every designer possesses.

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Fashion designing is an easy career option

Learning fashion is not an easy job. It is way more complicated than people presume. The fashion design outlook is objective and ever-evolving. Unlike Maths, Physics, and Biology, there is no definite rule to ace the game. It is experimental and is based on trends and customer preferences. There is no particular theorem or formula that can be followed to put the work on the table. Students work quite hard to understand the verticals of customers' expectations to land upon that one elite design.

No scope for growth

The passive psychology of the masses is not aware of the various domains that are now accessible with fashion designing. A fashion designer is predominantly a user who thinks from a customer perspective. This allows the designer to run fashion blogs to educate people about the trends. A fashion designer can be a marvelous photographer and editor as he knows the implicit aspects which can be molded to craft a Vogue cover. He can even be an influencer-cum-teacher to make way for the young and aspiring minds in the fashion industry.

If you are up to the struggle and have made up your mind to witness the crest of the fashion industry that comes after it, get certified by the fashion designing course in Jaipur, and you will be able to taste the success within a short period.

One of the most essential parts of shopping for a new comfort system for your indoor is to choose the right contractor company. This is really important as by choosing the wrong company, you will end up choosing a wrong system, which will not only make you feel uncomfortable, but you will not also be able to save much on the utility bills. Besides, there are chances that the system will fail after several years of operation.

So, to get the comfort and the efficiency you deserve, you will find one contractor, who will:

• Choose the right size of equipments for your home

• Install the devices properly

• Uncover and solve all the pre-existing issues with the duct system as well as the house insulation

Now let's have the information how to identify a contractor, who will be able to do only the best job, will offer reliable service only and also will be the easiest to work with. Moreover, here in this article, you will also find the information how to avoid choosing the contractors, who actually take shortcuts on your expenses.

• Don't think that all the contractors are same: All the contractors working with the home heating and cooling system are not same. Only a few contractors have experienced a great variation in the competence and ethics. At the same time, there are a number of contractors, who are actually honest. They work hard and have their own business systems in proper place to serve the clients properly. But the contractor companies often lack as these companies don't spend enough in the initial and ongoing staff training. As a result, the staff members of these companies always lack while it comes to diagnosing the problems of the more complicated residential heating and cooling systems of the present time.

• Don't select any fly by night contractor: Undoubtedly, the residential heating and cooling service is considered to be the most complex service. Therefore, you can take the risk by allowing a dishonest or amateur contractor to install or repair the equipment. Rather select a contractor, who has some kind of substance. Before signing the agreement with any contractor, ask the person about the license and the certifications he has and also check the copies.

• Don't choose any contractor company, who quotes the cost without testing: You must reject the contractor, who quotes a charge for installing and replacing equipments without any diagnostic test. This thing implies that either he is not trained about the issues, which are lurking in the systems and the requirement of fixing those or he doesn't care about these and he is only interested in getting money and not in delivering results, by solving the problems.

• Don't ask whether the contractor performs diagnostics: While discussing the project with the prospective contractors, you should not ask whether they recommend performing diagnostics or not. Wait and check whether the contractor says it or not. A good contractor will definitely mention it and a bad contractor will not.

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Drones and Their Use by Governmental and Private Instances

Drones and Their Use by Governmental and Private Instances

Drones and Their Use by Governmental and Private Instances

Drones and Their Use by Governmental and Private Instances

Drones and Their Use by Governmental and Private Instances Drones and Their Use by Governmental and Private Instances Drones and Their Use by Governmental and Private Instances Drones and Their Use by Governmental and Private Instances Drones and Their Use by Governmental and Private Instances

Drones and Their Use by Governmental and Private Instances Drones and Their Use by Governmental and Private Instances Drones and Their Use by Governmental and Private Instances Drones and Their Use by Governmental and Private Instances Drones and Their Use by Governmental and Private Instances Drones and Their Use by Governmental and Private Instances Drones and Their Use by Governmental and Private Instances